Worker identity, the liability of foreignness, the exclusion of local managers and unionism: a conceptual analysis

This paper analyses the concept of worker identity and the liability of foreignness caused by over-reliance on expatriate managers and under-reliance on local managers, and explores the implications for foreign enterprises and global organizational change. It also has original value in looking at community unionism as a way of overcoming the isolation of local managers.

Millar, C.C.J.M. & Choi, C.J. (2008) Worker identity, the liability of foreignness, the exclusion of local managers and unionism: a conceptual analysis, Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol, 21, Issue 4, pp. 460 - 470